Ted E. Burleigh Jr's reproduction of Aaron Willard's Primitive Wall Timepiece. This is an excellent copy of the original form. BBB17.

This wall clock represents an extremely rare form as fewer than three dozen are known to be made by Simon Willard (1753-1848) and and his younger brother Aaron Willard (1757- 1844). Original clocks of this type represent the Simon’s trend toward developing smaller clock movements. These were more economical to produce during the shortage and price increases of brass during the American Revolution. Loosely resembling a portable, spring-powered clock resting on a bracket, this thirty-hour timepiece is weight powered, strikes once on each hour and displays the time on a silvered engraved brass dial. The movements were housed within a highly figured mahogany case crowned with elaborate pierced fretwork and finials. Willard made a limited number of these clocks and advertised them on his labels as “Time pieces which run 30 hours and warranted, price 10 dollars.” Though costly at the time, the price of these clocks was approximately one-fifth the price of that of a tall case clock. Although Willard was attempting to appeal to a larger market, he apparently made very few and soon moved to Roxbury. It is thought that this form eventually evolves into his Patent Timepiece.

Ted Burleigh lived and worked in Winchester, Massachusetts. He and his wife, Fran owned and operated the Gilders Workshop which was opened in 1972. Prior to 1975, the business focused on doing restoration and gilding work. It was after 1975, that clock production began. Ted was the front man of this side of the business. He designed the reproduction forms and ordered the various components that came in from a number of sources. Ted did some carving and finished most of the cases. He assembled and completed the clocks. His reproductions were very high quality. The first clocks that he copied were wall timepieces or banjo clocks. There were four versions. The cross banded versions were modeled after Simon Willard’s patent clocks. The gilded versions were closely patterned after those made by Lemuel Curtis in Concord, MA before 1820. The opportunity to copy a Lemuel Curtis Girandole presented itself in 1973. Ted copied the example now on loan at the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston. That clock is very well known to clock collectors and is often pictured. It features a wedding scene in the lower glass. In 1980, the Burleighs were able to copy an Aaron Willard Grafton Wall Clock. This clock is now in the collection at Sturbridge Village. The Burleighs modified their version by redesigning the movement of their clock to run 8-days instead of the original format of 30-hours. The case design is faithful to the original. They made 50 of these clocks. These clocks were originally priced at $2,700. Clock production ceased about 1989.

The fine example offered here measures approximately 25.5 inches long. The case is constructed in mahogany and is finished in shellac. The backboard forms the structure of the case. The side edges of this board are carved with and ogee shaping. The case form can be divided into two sections. The lower section slide forward and away from the case. Behind it is space for the lead drive weight to fall and an area for the brass pendulum bob two swing. On the back of the panel is the T. E. Burleigh Jr label. This clearly states that this clock is a “Reproduction.” It also provides information on how to set up the clock. Most importantly, it is numbered, “40” and is signed by Ted Burleigh himself in ink. The front panel features a highly figured crotch mahogany. The side edges are canted. A cornice molding is fitted to the top of the base. Some say that this creates the illusion that the upper section of the case sits on tis molding. The upper section doubles as a door. It is hinged on the right. At the bottom is bracket style base molding that features scrolled out feet and a drop apron. It is interesting to note that the shape of the feet slightly resemble the form found on the bottom of Simon Willard’s brass timepiece side arms. This molding is applied to a small cove molding. The main section of the door features a large kidney shaped opening. This is fitted with glass. The opening is designed with a separate wooden trim piece that frames the interior edge. Tis is space from the main frame of the door by carved diamond. This is another timepiece feature. In the upper corners of the door are additional pierced designs. The side edges of the door are also canted. Fitted above the cornice molding at the top of the hood are two cast brass finials and a pierced and open style fretwork.

The brass bezel is cast and decorated with rope turnings and beading. It is secured to the backboard with screws. The brass dial is fitted to this bezel. This dial is engraved and treated with a silver wash. The dial is formatted with Arabic five minute markers, a closed minute ring and Roman style our numerals. The center section of this dial is skillfully engraved with floral pattens and a seconds register. It also is signed. “A. Willard.” The minute and hour hands are made of steel and have been blued. They are hand filed. The form is often referred to a beetle and poker style hands. These are outstanding. The brass washers, one is mounted on the center arbor and the washer that holds the bell in place are also decorated with carvings. The bell above the dial is treated with a silver finish.

The movement is constructed in brass and is die-stamped by the maker “KILBOURNE & PROCTOR INC., / 4137” on the front plate. The design of this movement has been altered from the original. This version is more user friendly. The original movement versions were essentially one day clocks. The Burleigh versions run 8-days on a wind. It is weight powered by a lead weight that falls directly below the movement inside the lower box section of the case. The steel pendulum rod supports a brass bob. The pendulum is rigidly affixed to the pallets. Like the original version, it does not have a suspension spring. You will notice a hammer and a bell above the works. These are for the fall off strike. This means that the clock will strike only once each hour. It does not have a full strike train.

This mahogany case measures approximately 25.5 inches long, 8.75 inches wide and 3.75 inches deep. It was made circa 1985.

The original Willard versions of this clock form seldom comes to the marketplace. As a result, the reproduction examples are eagerly sought after by collectors. The Burleigh versions might be the best of the group because they all have 8-day duration movements and the cases are true to the original form.

BBB-17

About Gilders Workshop of Winchester, Massachusetts.

Gilders Workshop. Ted and Fran Burleigh, Winchester, Massachusetts.

The Gilders Workshop was located in Winchester, Massachusetts. It was opened in 1972. The husband and wife team of Ted and Fran Burleigh were the principals. That year they produced 12 banjo clocks. Prior to 1975 they were primarily doing restoration and gilding work. Clock production didn’t really take off until Elmer Stennes died in 1975. The Burleighs actually did gilding work for Stennes in the end. Their work was excellent.

Ted was the front man. He was also involved with the carving of various decorative elements and the preparation of the cases for gold leaf were expected. He did the finishing of the all mahogany cases. He was also responsible for the assembly of the clocks. Components came in from various sources and he assembled and completed the clocks.

Ted’s wife, Fran did the gilding of the decorative wooden components. She was trained by Boston’s master gilder, Nils Johnson. She learned both water and oil gilding, traditional techniques that made the Burleigh clocks so beautiful. Fran may have been best know for her skill in reverse glass painting and restoration. She was an exceptional artist and a very talented instructor. Fran trained at least three other artists to do reverse painting on glass. All three became very proficient in this skill. Their daughter Cindy worked with them until she married. Ann Banister was working there almost the entire time. Linda Abrams started in 1975 and worked there approximately 4 years. After that time she struck out on her own and continues to this day to do very high quality work. She is sought out by the most discerning of clientele.

The clock dials on the Burleigh clocks were painted by Martha Smallwood. This is often helpful in dating an example because she had a habit of pasting a sticker on the back of her dials that dated when they were completed.

The cases were made by Chuck England. He started making cases for them in 1973 and continued to do so until the last run of banjo clocks were made in 1989.

The movements were supplied by Kilbourn & Proctor.

The first clocks were timepieces or banjo clocks. There were four versions. The gilded versions were closely patterned after those made by Lemuel Curtis in Concord, MA before 1820. It is not currently know to me how many banjo clocks they made. In 1981, they were priced at $1,100.

The opportunity to copy a Lemuel Curtis Girandole presented itself in 1973. Ted copied the example now on loan at the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston. That clock is very well known an is often pictured. It features a wedding scene in the lower glass. It appears that they made 50 of these. In 1981, they were selling for $3,000. This was their most expensive model. You could also order this clock with a thermometer in the waist glass as a special order.

In 1980, the Burleighs were able to copy Aaron Willard Grafton Wall Clock which is in the collection of Sturbridge Village. They modified the movement of their clock to run 8-days instead of the original format of 30-hours. The case design is faithful to the original. They made 50 of these clocks. These clocks were priced at $2,700.

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