International Time Recorder of Endicott, New York. A time clock.

This very interesting clock was used as a time clock in a work environment of some kind. As one entered and left the building, they would be required to punch the clock by inserting a time card in the slot below the glass door. By depressing the lever at the bottom of the case, one would record the time in which this was done on the card. At the end of each week, an accountant would collect the cards and tally the hours worked. One would be paid accordingly.

This clock is in fine condition. The time only movement is brass and is powered by two large steel springs. Wind indicators are located on the dial. When the arrows are at the top of the slots, the clock is fully wound. As the clock is running, they both will display the need to wind the clock by descending in the slot over a weeks time. The clock runs eight days on a full wind. The movement also powers the lower time tracking mechanism through a steel shaft or PTO. This can been seen through the glass door and is positioned in front of the nickel plated pendulum bob that is support by a wooden rod. The case is solid oak and the finish is excellent. The dial is in wonderful original condition and list the manufacturer’s name an working location. The hours are displayed in an Arabic numeral format. This clock was made circa 1915. This clock measures approximately 48.25 inches long, 17 inches wide and 7.75 inches deep.

As many businesses became larger and wages more competitive, a worker’s attendance record became very important to his or her employer. As a result, time clocks were introduced to this environment to help with the tracking of one’s punctually. Workers were then paid based on the number of hours they had logged in. This became the expected behavior toward the end of the 19th century. This is really a result of the shift from self employment towards working for others. With this change came the advent of cost accounting. In other words the analysis and scrutinizing of expenses such as labor, materials and overhead. Time was money. By approximately 1915, nearly every industrial workplace and office had a time clock. By the early twentieth century, several companies, like the International Time Recording Company, supplied an entire line of timekeeping devices, including master clocks and their slaves, various models of time clocks, and time stamps.

About International Time Recording Company of Endicott, New York.

The International Time Recording Company’s business office was located at 50 Broad Street in Endicott, New York between the years 1901-1924. During this time period, this firm continuously expanded its product line, underwent several reorganizations and name changes, and emerged in 1924 as the International Business Machine Corporation, familiar today as IBM. Some of the companies it acquired include the Chicago Time Register Company, Day Time Register Company, The Syracuse Time Recording Company, Bundy, Willard & Frick and Standard.

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