E. Howard & Co., Boston, MA Model No. 13. Wall regulator.
The E. Howard Regulator 13 is a case style that was offered in three cataloged sizes. The largest was the No. 12 having a 14 inch diameter dial and a case that measured approximately 62 inches long. The No. 13, featured a 12 inch dial and a case that was approximately 56 inches long. Lastly, the No. 14 has a 10 diameter dial and a case that measures 42 inches long. The cases of all three model were constructed in black walnut unless another wood was requested. These were early clocks and seem to have fallen out of favor in the 1870’s and beyond. Very few clocks are recorded in the surviving Howard order books which begin in August of 1872.
This is the E. Howard Regulator No. 13. This is a difficult model to find. Less than a hand full have been offered on the public market in the last twenty or so years.
The black walnut case has been protected with a shellac based finish. The finish has been rubbed out and waxed. The surface is pleasing to look at and exhibits some depth. There are two access doors that are fitted with large moldings. The upper door is called the dial bezel. It measures 17.5 inches in diameter and is fitted with glass in order to protect the dial. A push button latch on the left side of the case releases the door which is hinged on the right. The painted zinc dial is original to this clock and has some minor areas of paint loss. It measure 12 5/8 inches in diameter and the time ring is 10 and 7/8 inches across. This dial is signed "E. Howard & Co. / Boston." The hours are indicated in Roman style figures. A subsidiary seconds dial is positioned below hour number XII. The hands are steel and retain much of their original bluing. Their design incorporates an open diamond out on the end of the hand. The lower door is also fitted with glass. This original glass tablet is decorated in the traditional E. Howard paint pattern. A black field is bordered by a gilt frame. The center is left open in order to view the pendulum. The door is locked and opens with a key. Additional moldings decorate this unusual case style. They provide a three dimensional visual presentation to the case. The lower bracket which steps back to the wall has been restored sometime in the history of this clock.
The 8-day weight driven movement is constructed in brass and is excellent quality. The Maker’s name can be found die-stamped into the front plate. Both rectangular shaped plates are quite heavy and are finely finished. They are supported with four movement posts. A Geneva stop work will prevent you from over winding this clock. This movement is designed to beat seconds. Sixty beat per minute. It features a Graham dead beat escapement. It is also fitted with maintaining or retaining power. This is a device that maintains power on the great wheel while in the process of winding this clock. This has two positive effects. First, it prevents the loss of time while winding. Secondly, it protects the teeth on the escape wheel due to the size and weight of the 8 inch pendulum bob which is located at the bottom of the pendulum. The pendulum is carefully suspended by a double suspension spring which is supported at the top of the movement. The rod is made from straight grain cherry that was appropriately seasoned and retains its original gilding. The bob measures 8 inches in diameter. It is zinc and covered with a brass jacket for compensation. The face of the bob is decorated with a number of engraved concentric rings. The damascene decoration is in excellent original condition. This clock is powered by a weight. This example retains its original cast iron weight. This weight descends in its own channel that in enclosed in wood. The top facing surface is painted black and provides a backdrop for the pendulum rod to swing in front of. This clock is designed to run for 8 days on a full wind.
This fine clock measures approximately 56 inches long. At the bezel, it is 17.5 inches wide and 8 inches deep.
About Edward Howard of Boston, Massachusetts.
The E. Howard Clock Company has an outstanding reputation for making high quality weight driven wall timepieces, standing regulators, public clocks and electro-mechanical master and watchman clocks.
The E. Howard & Company succeeded the Howard & Davis firm in 1857. The Howard and Davis firm was comprised of Edward Howard and David P. Davis and was established in 1842. Both men served their apprenticeship with Aaron Willard Jr of Boston. This firm was involved in watch and clock manufacturing since 1842. This firm also made high grade clocks, precision balances, sewing machines and fire engines. After the dissolution of Howard and Davis, Edward Howard went on to become Boston’s leading manufacture of weight driven clocks. This included residential clocks, commercial clocks and tower clocks. They also sold a large number of watchman and salve clock systems. These sold well in the late 1800’s.
It has been said that the E. Howard Clock company never made an inexpensive clock and that everything they made was of very good quality. As a result, Howard clocks have become very collectible and are prized by their owners. Today, the E. Howard clock name enjoys outstanding name recognition.
For a more in depth reading of E. Howard and his various businesses, please read Paul Foley’s book, Willard’s Patent Time Pieces.
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