A colorful inlaid birch case tall clock made by Benjamin Morrill of Boscawen, New Hampshire circa 1810.
The case is constructed woods found locally to the central, New Hampshire region. The primary wood is birch and the secondary wood is New England white pine. This case also feature a birds-eye maple panel, mahogany cross banding and the light wood inlays are most likely maple. This case has been appropriately refinished and retains its original red staining of the birch. It is a pleasing color.
This fine example stands up on four feet. They are cut out of the base section and retain excellent height. The cutout design between the feet forms a subtly shaped apron that drops or hangs from the base section. Their is a light wood line inlay pattern that forms a frame around the perimeter of the base panel. Five petal fans are positioned inside this framing in each corner. The individual petals are lightly shaded. The waist section is fitted with a rectangular shaped waist door that is trimmed with an applied molding. The door features a birds-eye maple panel that is framed in a cross banded mahogany border. A large pinwheel is centered in this section. It is comprised of twelve petals, each of these are shaded. Through this waist door one can gain access to the interior of the case and the components that include the original tin can weights and the brass faced pendulum bob. Two turned smooth quarter columns flank the sides of the waist and terminate in brass quarter capitals. The bonnet is surmounted with a pierced and open fret work. This is a traditional country New England design. It is supported by three boldly reeded plinths. Each plinth is fitted with a brass ball and spike finial. The molded arch is supported by smoothly turned bonnet columns. They are free standing and mounted in brass capitals. These flank the arched bonnet door which is fitted with glass.
This iron dial was paint decorated by the Boston ornamental artists, Spencer & Nolen. The four spandrel areas are decorated depictions of conch shells. The arch is decorated with a striking color combination of green, blood red and yellow. The design also incorporates gilt highlights, some of which are applied on raised gesso decorations. This dial also displays the hours, minutes, seconds and calendar date in the traditional format. This dial is signed by the Clockmaker in script lettering. This signature is located below the calendar date and above the Roman hour numeral six.
This movement is constructed in brass and is good quality. It is weight driven and designed to run eight days on a full wind. It is a time and strike design having a rack and snail striking system. As a result, it will strike each hour on the hour. This is done on a cast iron bell which is mounted above the movement.
This fine example was made circa 1810 and stands 7 feet 6 inches tall to the top of the center finial.
About Benjamin Morrill of Boscawen, New Hampshire.
Benjamin Morrill was born on January 16, 1794 and died April 21, 1857. He was one of six children born to Samuel Morrill and Sarah Atkinson, Benjamin was their fifth child. It is summarized that he was a practical man and that he was educated. His work demonstrates a creative skill in mechanical matters. It is not presently know who trained Benjamin as a clockmaker and 1816, Benjamin is recorded as setting up his shop. Benjamin’s oldest sister Judith, married Joseph Chadwick. He was also a clockmaker from the same town and was seven years older than Benjamin. On November 22, 1818, Benjamin marries his first of two wives, Mehetable Eastman. She was the daughter of Simeon and Anna (Kimball) Eastman of Landiff, New Hampshire. They had two children before she died on July 6, 1828. Benjamin remarried six months later to Mary Choate of Derry, New Hampshire. Together, they also had two children and lived in a plain house that was built by his grandfather. His grandfather, the Reverend Robie Morrill, graduated from Harvard College in 1755. Benjamin Died April 21, 1857.
As a Clockmaker, Benjamin made numerous clocks. These included tall case clocks, shelf clocks, banjo clocks and mirror clocks. Interestingly, he is credited with developing the New Hampshire clock form. Many of the mirror clocks found today, feature his “Wheel Barrel” style movement. Benjamin is also thought to have made at least four tower clocks. Interestingly, none of these examples are signed but, all are similar in style. The documented examples are as follows. One example was installed in the tower in the First Parish Meeting House located in Dover, New Hampshire. A second clock was installed the tower of the Congregational Church in Henniker, New Hampshire in 1835. This clock is now on display at the American Clock and Watch Museum in Bristol, Connecticut. A third clock is reportably located in its original location in Orford, New Hampshire. Later in life when clockmaking became less profitable, Benjamin developed an interest in music. He then began to manufacture various musical instruments and scales.
For more information about this clock click here .