Rochester Time Recorder manufactured by International Time Recording Company (ITR) of Binghamton, New York, U.S.A. -SOLD-
As a rule, clocks developed to track time and attendance are generally not attractive. This clock is certainly the exception. The vast majority of clocks that fall into this category were constructed in a manner to be durable and in keeping with this theme, offered somewhat simple case lines. The cases were often for lack of a better description, boxes. This case is constructed in oak and is finished in a lovely honey coloring. It is nicely designed having elements that includes various applied moldings, applied decorative carvings, applied decorative castings and an overall generally pleasing visual appeal. That may be the main reason why this example survives today.
It is unusual to find such an attractive example. It is in good overall condition. The time only movement is brass and is powered by two large steel springs. It is mounted to a large cast iron bracket that is fastened to the back of the case. It runs eight days on a full wind. A third winding arbor is located at about 10;45 on the time ring of the dial. This powers the day of the week dial which displays the day through a window below the Roman hour numeral XII. The movement powers the lower time tracking mechanism through a steel shaft or PTO. This can been seen through the glass door in the center of the case. This glass retains the Company's original graphics. It reads, “Rochester Time Recorder Patd. Oct. 30-94. Manufactured by International Time Recording Company, Binghamton, N.Y. U.S.A.” This is in excellent condition. One can also view the pendulum bob in this location.
This solid oak case was made circa 1902. It measures approximately 54 inches long, 17.5 inches wide and 7.75 inches deep.
In the process of selling time and attendance clocks in general, the competition would often come in and replace existing clocks that may or may not have been in disrepair with examples of their own manufacture. As a result, those that were replaced were often destroyed or altered in some manner so that they could not be repaired. They did not want their competitors clocks to be resurrected to perform the task they were originally designed to do. This strategic philosophy perpetuated their business.
This example retains the original graphics on the glass. Because it reads International Time Recording Company (ITR), Binghamton, N.Y. U.S.A., this clock dates sometime after ITR bought out Frick and Rochester in 1902.
The Rochester Time Recorder was trade name used by the Willard & Frick MFG. Co., to market the Cooper Time Recorder or the Workman's Time Recorder. This was an invention that was patented by Daniel Cooper on October 30, 1894. It was one of the first paper time card clocks. It was considered by many to be a superior process of time recording compared to the other options that were available at that current time. In 1900, they merged with and became the International Time Recording Company which was located in Binghamton, New York.
This clock was used as a time clock in a workplace environment of some kind. As one entered and exited the workplace, they would be required to punch the clock by inserting their personal time card in the slot below the glass door. By depressing the lever at the bottom of the case on the right, one would record or imprint the time of this action on the card. At the end of a week, an accountant would collect the cards and tally the hours worked. One would be paid accordingly.
The International Time Recording Company's business office was located at 50 Broad Street in Endicott, New York between the years 1901-1924. During this time period, this firm continuously expanded its product line, underwent several reorganizations and name changes, and emerged in 1924 as the International Business Machine Corporation, familiar today as IBM. Some of the companies it acquired include the Chicago Time Register Company, Day Time Register Company, The Syracuse Time Recording Company, Bundy, Willard & Frick and Standard.
As many businesses became larger and wages more competitive, a worker's attendance record became very important to his or her employer. As a result, time clocks were introduced to this environment to help with the tracking of one's punctually. Workers were then paid based on the number of hours they had logged in. This became the expected behavior toward the end of the 19th century. This is really a result of the shift from self employment towards working for others. With this change came the advent of cost accounting. In other words the analysis and scrutinizing of expenses such as labor, materials and overhead. Time was money. By approximately 1915, nearly every industrial workplace and office had a time clock. By the early twentieth century, several companies, like the International Time Recording Company, supplied an entire line of timekeeping devices, including master clocks and their slaves, various models of time clocks and time stamps.
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