An early Biedermeier period Vienna Regulator.
Vienna regulators as a group were produced in relatively large numbers between the years of 1800 through 1900. The center for this production was in Vienna, Austria. They were exported from there to many European countries and sold very well. As a result, were copied by numerous competitors and evolved in form.
The earliest form was made from 1800 to about 1820. They generally featured straight wooden frames with inlay and satin banding. The sides of the case and the doors are fitted with glass. The dials were composed of a single piece of glass and were generally flat. They were fitted into cast bezels.
The second period was called the "Early Biedermeier" period. This form was produced from about 1820 into the early 1840's. These clocks become simpler in form.
In the late Biedermeier period, the simple cases start to incorporate simple columns, light carvings and the cases may feature curved moldings. Many of the clocks from this period feature two piece dials that are separated by a brass ring. The outer bezels are still cast. These clocks were made into the early 1860's.
By 1870, almost all the clock cases are ornately designed with the exception of the straight Art Nouveau box style. The dials where almost always a two piece design. Occasionally the inner section is brass. The later half of the period seems to have introduced all metal dials as well as spring driven movements. Weight driven movements became too expensive to produce and could not compete with the Industrialized methods of Germany.
This example is from the early period and dates 1830 – 1835, the early Biedermeier period. The case is veneered in rosewood and retains and older finish. Decorative carvings are located on the upper and lower sections of the door frame and attached to the lower plinths. The one piece dial is glass and flat. The numerals are a Roman style and small compared to later versions. The cast brass bezel is heavy and excellent quality. It is decorated with a bee hive and bee theme. The blued steel hands are excellent quality and are light in appearance. The movement is constructed in brass. It is weight powered and designed to run for one week on a wind. The escapement features a deadbeat design. All in all, it is very good quality.
This case measures approximately 41 inches long, 12 inches wide and 5 inches deep.
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