Samuel Abbott of Dover, New Hampshire. Tall clock.
This is a very attractive tall case clock. The case is constructed in cherry and features in it's construction mahogany cross banding and several interesting inlay patterns. These creatively formed patterns are spread throughout the design of the case. The base stands on cutout bracket feet. The union of the feet form a simply shaped skirt. The feet are visually separated from the base panel with a decorative line inlay pattern. The front panel of the base is framed with a cross banded mahogany veneered border. The waist section is long and features a rectangular shaped waist door. This door is also cross banded in mahogany and is trimmed on the outside edge with an applied molding. The sides of the waist are fitted with inset reeded quarter columns. Both of these terminate in brass quarter capitals. The bonnet is surmounted with a pierced and open fret work. The three reeded plinths each support a decorative brass finials. The bonnet door is arched and fitted with glass. It is also cross banded in mahogany along it's outside edge. Fully turned bonnet columns flank the sides of this door. They feature a subtle ring turn design and are mounted in brass capitals.
The iron dial is colorfully painted. It was locally made and painted in Boston. It was most likely painted by Samuel Curtis of the Curtis Manufactory. This dial features American shields in each of the four spandrel areas. The arch of the dial is decorated with fruit. This dial is signed below the calendar aperture by the Maker Samuel Abbott. This script signature is now faintly displayed. The subsidiary dial shows the seconds and the opening below the center arbor displays the date of the month.
This movement is constructed in brass. The plates retain a number of casting flaws that do not effect the performance. I simply point these out to suggests that it is a locally or anAmerican product. The movement is weight driven and designed to run eight days on a full wind. It is a time and strike design having a rack and snail striking system that will strike each hour on the hour. This is done on a cast iron bell which is mounted above the movement.
This clock stands approximately 7 feet 10 inches tall to the top of the center finial. It was made circa 1815.
About Samuel Abbott of Dover, New Hampshire, Boston, Massachusetts and Montpelier, Vermont.
Samuel Abbott was born in Dover, New Hampshire in 1791. He was the son of Stephen Abbott and Mary Gile. On August 10, 1813, Samuel married Jane Day of Concord, New Hampshire in the small village of Boscowen, New Hampshire. Soon after, the newlyweds move to Dover and Samuel opened a jewelry shop. It is in this small southeastern New Hampshire town that Samuel began his career as a clockmaker, watchmaker, silversmith, and jeweler. Samuel and Mary had two sons. Their son John Sullivan Abbot worked in Montpelier, Vermont in similar trades. In 1827, Samuel moved from Dover to Boston, Massachusetts. He is listed in the Boston Directories as a clockmaker in 1827 through 1831. After leaving Boston, Samuel moved North to Montpelier, Vermont. He first advertises himself as clock and watchmaker in January 1830. In 1831-32 he formed a partnership with a Mr. Freeman as Abbott & Freeman. Abbott was again listed as watchmaker and jeweler at Montpelier in 1849 and in 1860 in the New England Business Directories. He lived there until his death on May 4, 1861 at the age 70. Examples of tall clocks, shelf clocks, New Hampshire mirror clocks, lyre wall clocks, and patent timepieces have been found. He is noted for his distinctive three-pillar, “grand piano” shaped timepiece movements. Many of these clocks are found with a teardrop shaped pendulum keystone.
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