George Wren of London, England
George Wren is listed in Brain Loomes new book, “Watchmakers & Clockmakers of the World.” Loomes lists Wren as working in the London, England as early as 1766 through 1770.
This is an early silvered brass dial clock with small Roman numerals, Outside minute numerals in Arabic and minute divisions across a single time track. The dial components are skillfully engraved. This dial also bears the Maker's name and working location. The lettering is done in a script format. This dial measures approximately 12 inches in diameter. Four posts mount the dial directly to the movement. The time is indicated by the two steel hands which have been blued. They are effective but are most likely latter replacements. The cast bezel is fitted with glass. this glass protects the hands and dial surface. The bezel is nicely formed and is hinged to the case on the right. The left side is secured with a lock. The movement is very well constructed. The plates are heavily cast and tapered. The bottom edge is slightly cut out.
The movement is powered by a spring. It incorporates a fusee cone. It is designed to run eight-days on a full wind. It is a straight line wheel train. This clock also retains it's original verge and crown escapement. This means that the bob pendulum is rigidly connected to the verge. As a result, the crown wheel is positioned on a horizontal plane. This early design fell out of favor in the late 1700's and was replaced by the anchor escapement. This example also retains it's Backcock.
The case is mahogany. It also includes the wooden surround which supports the bezel. The bezel is secured directly to the box with screws. The peg system of attaching the two is later and much more common. The box that protects the movement is a rectangular shape. It has two access doors. One is on the left side panel. The second in below the movement.
It is very unusual to find such an early London example in the American marketplace. These clocks are highly prized in their home markets. It is interesting to note that the American clockmakers didn't offer a spring driven wall clock until the 1850's. And by that time, clock companies were responsible for most of our Country's production.
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